Stairs construction

Benefits of a Wooden Staircase

Wooden staircases are a wonderful asset to any home, lending classic and refined character in the process. There are plenty of reasons why so many homeowners choose wooden staircases over their alternatives, including steel or glass versions. Let’s take a look at some of the advantages they provide. Wooden staircases come with a number of benefits that other materials just can’t offer. They have an excellent sense of style and class that makes them more appropriate for homes than steel or glass alternatives. Wooden staircases have plenty of other benefits too; here’s why you should consider installing one in your home:

Beautiful and Durable

Wooden staircases are some of the most beautiful and durable materials for staircases. They create a beautiful aesthetic that works well in any home, whatever your decor style might be. Wooden staircases are extremely durable, so you don’t have to worry about them wearing out quickly. They are also fairly low maintenance, so they don’t need much upkeep to keep them looking beautiful and in great condition. Wooden staircases will last for many many years, so you have a great investment in your home.

Natural Feel and Look

Wooden staircases naturally have a warm and natural feel that works beautifully in any home. They also have an organic look that blends well with any home decor. If you already have a specific design style that you like, but you want to add something a bit more stylish, a wooden staircase could be exactly what you’re looking for. While wooden staircases are a natural material, you can choose a stain or paint colour that matches your decor for a more customized look. There are plenty of options to choose from, including rich and neutral tones, and the range is always changing as new colours are released.

Added Value to Your Home

Installing wooden staircase in your home will add value to it. They are a statement piece that really completes the aesthetics of the home. They are usually installed in the entrance of the home which makes them visible from all levels. What’s more, wooden staircases are easy to maintain and durable, so they won’t need to be replaced any time soon, which will save you money in the long run. You can be sure that they will be around (and looking great) for ages to come.

Fire Safety

Wooden staircases are more fire resistant than glass staircases. They are also easier to clean and maintain than steel staircases, and therefore have fewer bacteria and dust mite issues than glass staircases. If you have young children or pets, you may want to consider a wooden staircase over a glass version, as they are easier to keep clean and bacteria free. A wooden staircase also won’t break as easily in the event of a fire, which is another bonus.

Maintenance Requirements

While wooden staircases are very durable, they do still require a bit of upkeep and maintenance to keep them in optimal condition. You can clean and polish wooden staircases using a soft cloth, and you should try to avoid leaving them wet, as this can lead to a build-up of mould and damage. Wooden staircases are also susceptible to damage from extreme changes in humidity, so you may want to consider using a humidifier if you live in a dry climate. You should also avoid installing a wooden staircase in a high traffic area of your home, as this can lead to rapid wear and tear.


Wooden staircases are classic and stylish, and they are built to last. They add a beautiful aesthetic to any home, and they are durable and low maintenance. They are more fire resistant than glass staircases, and they require less maintenance. Wooden staircases are an excellent investment in your home. If you’re looking to add value and beauty to your home, wooden staircases are an excellent choice. They have plenty of benefits over other materials, and they look great in any home. You won’t regret installing a wooden staircase in your home, and you’ll be glad that you did.

How To Build a Staircase

Are you looking to add some character to your home, but don’t have the funds, time or know-how to do something major? Then perhaps building a simple staircase might be the answer. A staircase is a fairly inexpensive way of adding another level of visual interest and character to your home. It can also open up new living spaces that were previously inaccessible. When it comes to DIY projects, staircases can be quite tricky because of the complex geometry and interaction between different materials and stress loads. Building one from scratch is not for everyone, but if you are up for a challenge and feel confident about your carpentry skills, then this article will help you get started on building an easy staircase from scratch.

Step 1: Determine How Many Steps You’ll Need

The first thing you need to do is to figure out how many steps your staircase will contain and how high it will be. You will need to take into account the height of your ceiling and whether you have any low-level windows in the space below the staircase. You will also have to consider the height of any furniture or counter tops that you might have on the upper floor. The standard height of a single staircase step is 29 inches. This means that a standard staircase will have a rise of 78 inches (78 inches is the vertically distance between the first and last tread). The distance between the steps on the other hand will be 36 inches. This is because the standard width of a single step is 19 inches.

Step 2: Sketch Out the Size and Shape of Each Riser

The next thing to do is to sketch out the dimensions of each riser. Take into account the thicknesses of any treads and the length of the stringers. After taking the measurements, use a pencil and ruler to sketch out the dimensions and shape of each riser on paper. If you are not confident about drawing freehand, you can use a paper grid to help you out. Once you have the dimensions of each riser, you can start to visualize how the staircase will look. If you have chosen a different tread thickness, then you will have to recalculate the risers. You can do this by multiplying the tread thickness by the stair rise.

Step 3: Decide on a Runway Size

The runway is the part of the staircase that connects the steps. It is the width between the stringers that the stair treads sit on. The runway size is important because it will dictate the thickness of the treads. It will also determine the overall visual appearance of the staircase. There are three standard runway widths that you can choose from. The most popular runway width is 10 inches. This is a standard runway for a 16-inch-wide stair. A 12-inch runway width is best suited for a 14-inch-wide stair. A 16-inch-wide stair will require a 15-inch-wide runway.

Step 4: Determine Stair Width and Treads

The width of the staircase will be determined by the runway width that you have chosen as well as the thickness of the treads. To do this, you will have to add the runway width and the thickness of the treads together. For example, a 10-inch-wide runway with a 1-inch-thick tread will yield a stair width of 11 inches. The width of the stair will also determine the riser height of the stairs. The standard riser height is 7 inches. You can change this by adding or subtracting the width of the staircase to or from the riser height. For example, a 10-inch-wide staircase will have risers that are 7 inches + 10 inches = 17 inches high.

Step 5: Cut the Stringers and Install The Newels

Once you have decided on the stair width and the size of the risers, it is time to cut the stringers to size and install the newels. A newel is the structural support post at the end of each staircase. It is designed to bear the most stress on the staircase and transmit it to the rest of the structure. Newels can be purchased from a store or you can make one out of scrap wood and a few nails. First, measure the width of each stringer and cut it to size. After cutting each stringer to size, smooth out any rough edges. You can also sand the stringer to create a smooth finish. Place the stringer at the top of the stairs where they will be installed. Put a small amount of wood glue on the stringer and on the end of the posts. Put a nail through the stringer and into the post a couple of times to hold it in place temporarily. Let the glue dry and then finish nailing the stringer into place.

Step 6: Build the Newel Posts and Install Rails

Newel posts can be either wooden or metal posts. Wooden posts are usually made from pine or cedar wood. They are used to support the handrail of the staircase and to connect the staircase with the wall. Cut the posts to size and attach them to the wall using wood screws. Install the rails on top of the posts. The rails should be parallel to each other. Next, attach the wooden or metal balusters to the rails. The balusters should be placed about every 2 inches apart. You can also install a decorative railing for the staircase to add a flair of style.

Step 7: Install the Treads and Risers

The last step in the process is to install the treads and risers. Place the treads on the runway and mark where they will be nailed into place. Take the riser and mark where you will be nailing it to the treads. Take the riser and place it where it will be installed on the tread. Take a pencil and mark the location on the treads where the nails will be hammered in. Nail the riser into place and then place the tread on the riser and hammer a couple of nails into the tread. Repeat for the other side of the tread.


A staircase is an essential part of any home. It allows you to access upper levels of your home and serves as an architectural feature that can make or break the design of your home. Building a staircase from scratch can be a challenging, yet rewarding project for the DIY homeowner. There are many different ways to choose the design of your staircase. Whether you want a spiral staircase, a straight staircase, or a winding staircase, the choice is yours. This project can be as elaborate or as simple as you want it to be.

Exhausting staircase space

The staircases have been deemed as one of the greatest ‘wasters’ of space. There often exists a large amount of space under the stairs that if not well used could end up being quite some large amount of wasted space with no relevance. So, what do we do to ensure we exhaust the space under the staircase? What can we creatively do with it to maximize its efficiency and its use? Here are 4 suggestions on how you can exhaust your staircase space.

  1. Use it as a store

That large amount of space under the stairs can very conclusively act as a storage space for your equipment. The home is often crowded with a lot of items that we barely use and this could be the best place to store them. From equipment used for gardening to cleaning equipment and even items used in any form of home repairs, this is the best place to store them. It is very vital, however, to sort the store properly to prevent any loss or damage to your equipment. Ensure the store is properly arranged and cleaned regularly to just ensure the space does not end up being a store of dirt, dust, and germs as well.

  1. Use it as a home office

I had barely ever thought of this as an ideal place for an office until the 2020 Corona Virus happened. Then I realized that all one needs to do is make the space comfortable, warm, and convenient for work; and productivity can even be higher than in the office. Depending on the nature of your work, and the equipment you might need in your office, all you need to do is to invest your time in making the space under the stairs as convenient as possible for a work environment.

  1. Use it as a home for your pet

I don’t know about you, but I love pets. This under stairs space can serve as a perfect home for your furry little friend so they can feel a bit independent and not super smothered with love from you. You just ensure you put into consideration the size of your pet as you design the space into a pet home. Also, while at it, you can decorate both the exterior and interior of the home to make it as comfortable as possible for your furry friend.

  1. Prayer, Yoga or meditation

If you are a religious person and you pray a lot, then this is a perfect space for you. A gentle retreat point for you to dig deep into prayer without any form of interruption. Also, if you do yoga and love meditation then your understairs space can be your fresh breath from heaven. Whichever activities might require seclusion for you to efficiently do them, then this space might be the best for you to use.

The uses of this space are countless. You can literally turn it into anything. Depending on what you often like to do as a hobby, and the amount of space that is actually under the stairs, and also how much readjustments you might need to make, you can actually turn that space into anything that you want. It’s not that hard, you can do it. One very vital thing to remember is to involve all professionals required. Do not start changing that space into an office on your own and you want to do all the masonry, electrification, and even plumbing on your own. You might end up not only damaging your home but you could end up construction, or ‘making’, a health hazard to all the occupants of the premise.

How to maintain and protect wooden stairs

Well maintained wooden stairs always look beautiful and new every day. Cleaning of the wooden stairs is not the same as cleaning other surfaces in your home. It should be unique for them to look attractive and last for long. Ensuring your wooden stairs are well maintained and clean is not difficult once you know what you need to do and the required tips and tools. It is advisable to find out the ways and methods on how to keep your wooden stairs well protected and maintained uniquely. Here are some ways in which you can maintain and protect your wooden stairs to last longer.

Ensuring your stairs is clean all the time

Consisted cleaning will make sure that your stairs remain as new for a long time. Thorough sweeping and regular vacuuming of your stairs is required to maintain and keep the stairs in good condition. Depending on the type of wood, you should use the recommended detergents for the hardwood used to make your stairs when cleaning them. It is easy to clean your stairs from top to bottom. Always ensure that you don’t leave wet spots or spills on the stairs for long because they can stain the wood easily.

Include an extra layer of protection

You can protect your wooden stairs by adding rugs near the entrance. The rugs ensure that it removes all the pieces of gravel from the bottom of your shoes which may cause scratches and dents on the surface of the wooden stairs. Avoid wearing sharp shoes at the bottom if you have to use the stairs because they may add scratches and damage the wooden stairs or ensure you have padded your legs to prevent the damage of the surface of the wood. Always check for scratches and dents in your wooden stairs regularly for early repair of the damage to extend its life span.

Refine your wooden stairs with varnish or oil               

It is advisable if you have not painted you wooden stairs to apply varnish or oil before stains and dirt appear on your stairs. By applying varnish or oil it prevents permanent marks and stains to appear in the surface of your wooden stairs. Varnishing your stairs will protect your wooden stairs from spills and damage. The varnish is easy to use and it requires a brush for you to apply it. The most used varnish is polyurethane varnish because it dries faster and you can apply another coat after 24 hours. The use of oil is another way you can prevent your untreated wood from drying out. It is also easy to apply oil in your wooden stairs because you only need a small paintbrush. Let the first layer of the oil soak thoroughly in the wood and apply another layer. The most commonly used oils are wood oil and hard wax oils. Oiling makes the wooden stairs waterproof. By refining your wooden stairs using varnish or oil will make sure that your staircases look new and last for long.

Prevent mold

Mold can grow on the surface of your wooden stairs. It mostly grows when the surface is not well stained or when you don’t clean the surface of your wooden stair regularly. When it happens to grow in your wooden stairs you need to use the disinfection designed to kill mold pore and use it to wash your stairs thoroughly because when you wipe it appears to have gone but it late comes back again. It is good to prevent the growth of mold by ensuring that the wooden stairs are dry up from any wetness on their surfaces.

Maintaining and protecting wooden stairs is not easy but with these ideas, you can manage and prevent any damage and stains. Through them you will ensure your wooden stairs looks beautiful as new and last for long. Lets maintain and protect our wooden stairs every day.

Stair Installation Steps

Do you know that you can successfully install a staircase on your own? These eight steps details and provide some staircase installation basics. These steps will assist in the stair installation process:

Select the Design and Style

The first phase is deciding the staircase design to put up at the residential facility. There are many online materials that offer a vast portfolio of style as well as design inspirations. Some of the staircase styles are ladders, straight, spiral, U-shaped, L-shaped, and curved stairs. Factors to consider when deciding on the right stair: home space, material, purpose, design along with durability.

Determine whether the Stair needs replacement or repair

The homeowner should be aware that despite a staircase having enormous wear and tear; for instance, missing spindles, worn treads, among others. Either fixing or replacing the parts could save the residential owner costs instead of buying an entire staircase. However, the stair could be old and depleted, the best solution is replacing the part or whole stair. The buyer should also use staircase types that are easy to get repair parts which save times as one will not travel far to acquire them or take a long time to be delivered.

Choose the Right Staircase Material

The material to make one’s desired stairs varies from classic to contemporary or traditional to modern using wood, glass, or metal. Not to mention, a homeowner should do extensive research on how these different stairs materials look in an abode similar to one’s home resulting in more satisfaction after the staircase is installed. To begin with, wood is widely used in western countries, the hardwood such as oak, walnut among others, and softwoods, for instance, pine and hemlock. The other material is metal especially aluminum and steel which are very durable. The last material is glass which is more fragile but produces a contemporary look.

Acquire the Right Information and Advice

The sources of advice and information on ways to build stairs are plenty from online sources as well as people; but one should be keen on the information they acquire since it may incur extra costs in the overall cost of building the stair. The homeowner should get professional services from stair manufacturers because they can visualize the style and design that a client wishes to accomplish.

Measure the Stairs

The staircase comprises of two main section: steps, treads and rises, as well as the balustrades, handrail, newel post and spindles. These components must be measured accurately and selected in the correct size along with quantity.

Determine a Budget

Depending on whether an owner wants to replace, repair or build an entirely new staircase, preparing a budget before the work begins on site is essential. A budget enables the owner to determine the materials to use depending on money available as well as if the decoration is possible; for example, exchanging wooden spindles with metal spirals to transform the balustrades from dull to splendid.

Staircase Safety

A homeowner should ensure that all the staircase components meet the safety requirements as outlined by the current building regulations pertaining to measurements. Also, the children and elderly people may use the staircase; hence, affecting the style of the stairs.

Shop for the Parts or Entire Stairs

The last step is dependent on whether one wants to buy a whole staircase or parts of the balustrade. Most of the staircase parts are available in sets such as handrails that are ready to install. It is worth noting that one should purchase high quality products to ensure they have a long lifespan.

In many contemporary homes, staircase has become one of the major interior design elements. Also, people can now install the stairs at their own using these guidelines: choosing the design, determining the material to use, consider safety of the staircase, among others.

How to Construct The Perfect Stairs

More than just for convenience, stairs have become a very core part of the aesthetic value of a home. Straight from the architectural and interior design, homemakers think and fantasize about the staircases they will have in their homes. So, as a potential homemaker, or even a construction specialist, or an interior designer; what do you look out for to ensure you get the best in terms of your stairs even before you start the construction? We dissect 5 things every novice, as well as expert, should look out for while planning to construct stairs in their homes, or for clients.

  • Material

As you draw the basic architectural design of your house, with the help of a professional, you must decide the actual material you will use for the construction of your staircases. With the inception of modernity and technology, there are almost limitless materials anyone can use. The most common are glass, wood, steel, and concrete. Often, one can use a combination of several elements just to add on the aesthetic value of the staircases.

  • Design

There are almost limitless approaches that someone can use for designing their staircases. Depending on whether it is interior or exterior, one can have designed such as spiral staircases to floating stairs, ribbon stairs as well as pullout stairs. There are so many possibilities in terms of the design of the staircases of one’s dreams including a combination of several design templates. For staircases, literally, if you can think it, you can construct it- so long as it is physically viable.

  • Home Space

Of course, while doing your staircase construction, you must consider the kind of space you have. Often, pullout designs are more viable in smaller spaces. Other designs are a bit more flexible in terms of home space. For instance, a larger interior space can go with almost any design. Exterior spaces, on the other hand, seldom attract fancy staircases with complicated designs. Designs such as ribbon, spiral or floating are more flexible in terms of home space and can work in both smaller home spaces as well as larger ones.

  • Purpose

One of the modern trends of staircases construction purposes that have increasingly become mainstream is for aesthetic value. Homeowners spend quite some fortune constructing, sometimes rudimentary, staircases within their houses just for beautification purposes. Some staircase designs, such as the floating stairs and spiral stairs are such eye candy. On top of that, construction material such as glass is believed to increase the aesthetic value of staircases. Therefore, while selecting a design for your staircase, it is important to determine whether you are constructing it for ascension purposes or for home aesthetic value.

  • Durability

How long do you plan for your stairs to last? Do you plan to use them for just a year as construction is ongoing in your attic or do you plan to use it for an entire lifetime, or better yet, across generations? As you ponder upon the longevity that you would like your stairs to have, both indoor and outdoor, remember that a construction once done cannot be altered. Therefore, there is no need to have a concrete staircase meant for temporary use. Rather, it is better to use wood as a substitute as it will be cheaper and easier to make adjustments.

Staircases are an integral part of a household. They have slowly evolved from just being a medium of ascension and descending to being some of the most aesthetic areas in a household. Individuals invest a lot of money to ensure they get the perfect staircases that serve the exact dream they have for their households.

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